The Basics of the System of the Legislative Regulation of the Greenhouse Gases in the Russian Federation

United Nations Development Program Project
UNDP RUS / 02/014/01 / A / 99

under the general editorship of A.V. Khanykov

The relevance of the topic raised by the authors is due to the processes taking place in the world, when the presence of the problem of global warming is recognized throughout the world. The provisions of the Kyoto Protocol suggesting a combination of a market mechanism for the redistribution of carbon resources with an administrative limitation of the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions at the 1990 level, makes it a document of global significance, which sooner or later will have to be reckoned with in the Russian Federation.

Recently, the theoretical aspects of the necessary changes in national legislation that will be required after the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol have been widely discussed.

This work represents, perhaps, the first attempt to propose a set of practical additions to the existing legal framework, including the draft fundamental laws on public policy, accounting and control, and, finally, on the ownership and circulation of quotas for greenhouse gas emissions. Bills can be used in the legislative and executive authorities of the Russian Federation.

Of interest are also proposals on the possibility of autonomous changes in existing legislation to create a national carbon market.

The Kyoto agreements are of interest to Russian science and the legal community, both in practical and theoretical terms, as one of the new promising areas of modern jurisprudence. In addition, the proposed work can become the basis for discussing practical steps to develop specific measures in the implementation of state policy regulating activities in the field of emission and absorption of greenhouse gas emissions in the territory of the Russian Federation.